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Marx’s Communism Before Marxism

Against the Grain

State-ownership of the means of production and a planned economy appear to be the hallmarks of Marxist thought, along with the notion that revolution necessitates passing through socialist and communist stages. But, as Peter Hudis points out, these ideas don’t originate with Marx. He discusses his Critique of the Gotha Program, in which Marx most fully expounds his conception of life after capitalism, and the gap between Marx’s vision and that of his later followers.


Karl Marx, Critique of the Gotha Program (Introduction by Peter Hudis) PM Press, 2022